Nigeria’s year-on-year headline inflation rate fell to 17.38 per cent for the fourth consecutive month in July from 17.75 per cent in June amid a decelerating increase in food prices, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has said.
The statistics office on Tuesday said that the prices of goods and services, measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) recorded a 0.37 per cent or 37 basis points lower than the rate recorded in June 2021 at 17.75.
On a month-on-month basis, the headline index increased by 0.93 per cent in July 2021. This is 0.13 percentage points higher than the rate recorded in June 2021 (1.06per cent).
It said the composite food index rose by 21.03 per cent in July 2021 compared to 21.83 per cent in June 2021.
“This implies that prices continued to rise in July 2021 but at a slower rise than it did in June 2021,” NBS said.
“In July 2021, food inflation on a year on year basis was highest in Kogi (28.51%), Enugu (24.57%) and Lagos
(24.04%), while Akwa Ibom (17.85%), Bauchi (17.74%) and Abuja (16.67%) recorded the slowest rise in year on year inflation,” the report added.
“On month on month basis, however, July 2021 food inflation was highest in Kebbi (2.98%), Yobe (2.81) and Delta (1.98%), while Sokoto, Akwa Ibom and Imo recorded price deflation or negative inflation (general decrease in the general price level of food or a negative food inflation rate).”
According to the NBS, the rise in the food index in June was caused by increases in the prices of milk, cheese and eggs, coffee, tea and cocoa, vegetables, bread and cereals, soft drinks and meat.
The agency added that month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased by 0.86 per cent in July 2021, down by 0.25 per cent points from 1.11 per cent recorded in June 2021.
“The average annual rate of change of the Food sub-index for the twelve months ending July 2021 over the previous twelve-month average was 20.16 per cent, 0.44 per cent points from the average annual rate of change recorded in June 2021 (19.72 per cent),” it said.