US Capitol security officials who were ousted in the wake of the 6 January attack on Congress have blamed intelligence failures for the breach.
Testifying to a Senate committee, the officials said that the rioters “came prepared for war” with weapons, radios and climbing gear.
Ex-Capitol Police Chief Steven Sund said he had prepared for a protest, not “a military-style coordinated assault”.
Four people died after pro-Trump protesters stormed the US Capitol.
Three of the four officials testifying on Tuesday to the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee resigned in the immediate wake of the attack, in which one Capitol Police officer was killed.
Among those testifying were acting Washington DC police chief Robert Contee III, former US Capitol Police chief Steven Sund, former Senate Sergeant-at-Arms Michael Stenger and former House Sergeant-at-Arms Paul Irving.
Chief Contee told lawmakers, who are holding the first public hearing into the attack, that he was “stunned” by how long it took for the Pentagon to deploy National Guard troops to help quell the riots.
Democrats charge that the attack amounted to an insurrection, and impeached former President Donald Trump for allegedly inciting the mob. He was later acquitted by the Senate, becoming the first president in US history to be impeached twice.
All three officials agreed that there appeared to be a level of co-ordination and planning from the crowd.
Sund said that pipe bombs that were placed at the edge of the security perimeter appeared to be intended to draw law enforcement away from the Capitol building.
“When the group arrived at the perimeter, they did not act like any group of protestors I had ever seen,” said the 30-year police veteran.
“A clear lack of accurate and complete intelligence across several federal agencies contributed to this event and not poor planning by the United States Capitol Police,” he added.
Capitol Police Captain Carneysha Mendoza described the clashes, telling lawmakers that she has chemical burns on her face from attackers that still have not fully healed.
“Of the multitude of events I’ve worked in my nearly 19-year career in the department, this was by far the worst of the worst,” she said.
“We could have had 10 times the amount of people working with us, and I still believe the battle would have been just as devastating.”
The officials also said that an FBI report, warning that protesters had been preparing for “war”, had failed to reach security officials on the eve of the attack.