HSBC Holdings Plc slumped below its financial crisis low set more than a decade ago, as pressure mounts on several fronts, including a potential threat to its China expansion plans and increased scrutiny of money laundering controls.
The London-based bank’s Hong Kong shares on Monday slid below their closing low for March 2009, closing at HK$29.30. They have plunged 52% this year, reaching the lowest since 1995. In London, HSBC fell 6.2% as of 11:02 a.m. local time, compared with the 3% decline in the benchmark FTSE 100 Index.
Europe’s largest bank is a possible candidate for China’s “unreliable entity list” that aims to punish firms, organizations or individuals that damage national security, the Communist Party’s Global Times newspaper reported last week.
On Sunday, HSBC was among global banks named in a report by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists on lenders that “kept profiting from powerful and dangerous players” in the past two decades even after the US imposed penalties on the institutions.
“If the company is listed as a unreliable company by China, which looks certain since it’s a Global Times article, the bank will be facing lots of difficulties to do business in China,” Banny Lam, head of research at CEB International Investment Corp., said according to Bloomberg.
“They may have trouble expanding the mainland business, after investing so much there over the past few years.”
The bank has rankled China over its participation in the American investigation of Huawei Technologies Co. Penalties include restrictions on trade, investments and visas on companies, countries, groups or persons that appear on the list.
More than 2,100 “suspicious activity reports” obtained by the ICIJ identified around $2 trillion in transactions between 1999 and 2017 flagged by dozens of financial institutions’ internal compliance officers, as possible money laundering or other criminal activity.
HSBC declined to comment on the Global Times article. In a statement on Monday, in response to the ICIJ report, it said that “starting in 2012, HSBC embarked on a multi-year journey to overhaul its ability to combat financial crime across more than 60 jurisdictions. HSBC is a much safer institution than it was in 2012.”
Standard Chartered Plc, which was also mentioned in the ICIJ report, declined 6.2% in Hong Kong and 5.7% in London. “We take our responsibility to fight financial crime extremely seriously and have invested substantially in our compliance programs,” the bank said Monday in a statement.
HSBC now risks being caught in deepening turmoil after a swirl of trouble over the past year amid political unrest and an economic slump in its biggest market, Hong Kong. It also faces difficulties in navigating low interest rates and surging loan losses sparked by the global pandemic.
HSBC Chief Executive Officer Noel Quinn, who took over as the bank’s permanent head in March, last month issued a stark warning about tough times ahead while reporting that first-half profit halved and predicting loan losses could swell to $13 billion this year. Quinn said the bank would attempt to hasten a shakeup of its global operations, accelerating a further pivot into Asia as its European operations lose money.
Struggling to boost returns, the lender has come under fire both in the West and in China as it attempts to steer through political tension. HSBC was lambasted in the US and the UK over its support for China’s new security legislation on Hong Kong.
A jump in income from its markets business has failed to make up for broader shortcomings, unlike at some Wall Street and European competitors. HSBC stock has fallen more steeply than most big rivals this year, with Citigroup Inc. and JPMorgan Chase & Co. posting declines of 44% and 29%, respectively.
To make matters worse, HSBC sparked anger in Hong Kong earlier this year, alienating some of its most loyal investors, after scrapping its dividend in response to the pandemic. The bank is the worst performer on the benchmark Hang Seng index so far this year.