The World Food Programme (WFP) has suspended distribution of food aid in two northern Ethiopian towns after gunmen looted its warehouses.
Looters from rebel Tigrayan forces held aid staff at gunpoint in the town of Kombolcha, the United Nations said.
They stole large quantities of essential food supplies – including some for malnourished children.
Northern Ethiopia is facing mass starvation amid an ongoing civil war between Tigrayan and government forces.
After more than a year of fighting, more than nine million people are in need of critical food supplies, the UN says.
A spokesman for the UN, which runs the WFP, said its staff there had faced “extreme intimidation” during days of looting.
He added: “Such harassment of humanitarian staff by armed forces is unacceptable. It undermines the ability of the United Nations and all of our humanitarian partners to deliver assistance when it is most needed.”
The spokesman also accused government troops of commandeering three WFP humanitarian trucks and using them for their own purposes.
That led to the decision to halt food distribution in Kombolcha and nearby Dessie, two strategic towns in the northern Amhara region that sit on the road to the capital Addis Ababa. The Tigrayan rebels have not commented on the allegations that their fighters stole food aid.
The Ethiopian government had recently announced that it had recaptured the towns from the Tigray rebels. But the rebels said the army had only recovered areas they had abandoned.
Fighting broke out over a year ago between government troops and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), which dominated Ethiopia for decades and now controls Tigray.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed sent troops into the Tigray region to quash the TPLF after he said it had attacked army camps.
But the rebels mounted a comeback, recapturing most of Tigray and advancing into the neighbouring regions of Amhara and Afar.
The conflict has killed thousands of people, displaced more than two million and driven hundreds of thousands into famine-like conditions, according to UN figures.
US State Department spokesman Ned Price said the humanitarian catastrophe in northern Ethiopia remains an “absolute priority” for the United States.
He called on both sides to negotiate an end to the conflict and allow aid to reach those in need.
This is yet another example of the dangerous environment humanitarian workers have to operate under in Ethiopia.
Since the beginning of the conflict a year ago, 28 humanitarians have been killed, making the country one of the most dangerous for aid workers, according to the UN.
Then there’s the red tape. For months now, aid agencies have been pleading with the Ethiopian government to cut bureaucracy and allow more humanitarian access.
But so far only a fraction of what is urgently needed is getting to people in the Amhara, Afar and Tigray regions. At least 100 trucks are required in these regions daily – but only a trickle is arriving there despite millions starving.
Aid agencies are also facing fuel and cash shortages, which they need to continue operations.
This suspension will no doubt exacerbate the worsening humanitarian crisis.
Already 400,000 people are living in famine like conditions and if the forced suspension is prolonged, this will lead to a humanitarian catastrophe.